Shooting range Complex
Radio-controlled shooting range Сomplex
Intended Use of the Complex.
Radio-controlled shooting range equipment complex is designed primarily for equipping of various troops training units with prime focus on gunnery trainings using all types of small arms and other types of firearms. The complex ensures creation of realistic target environment in both prepared and not prepared in the engineering sense retains, it ensures various scripts for fulfillment of specific exercises in connection with shooting task in full compliance with all applicable regulations, provides efficient training featuring real, not stimulated shootings, it allows storage of initial data and the results achieved in the course of training.
The complex in intended for installation at:
equipped open type training facilities (mean line, tactical field);
- non-equipped in the interfering sense grounds;
- within the closed type facilities (buildings, underground communications, shooting ranges).
Composition of the Complex
The complex includes mechatronic actuating devices (objects of control): for demonstration and relocation of various targets, different light and noise imitation devices, hit detection sensors radio electronic digital communications, computer workplaces with specially designed and installed software intended control the entire complex.
Configuration of specific complex architecture is determined by specific needs of the customer Scalable architecture enables variability of the number if actuating units in the target field from several ones to dozens of thousand. Digital communications ensure industry standard of wireless communications.
Standard Station Equipment
Target field in controlled from the command unit (KP). Basic set of equipment includes:
Control unit consists of the operator’s workplaces. Number if these workplaces depend on the number of the number and types of the actuators of target field and specific mission of shooting instructor. Workplaces are equipped with mobile computers with special software (SPO) installed to ensure interaction thereof control units. Depending on specific locations computers are available in usual commercial or protected versions.
of Control and Visualization is intended for supply of the relevant information
to the training commanders and respective shooting training supervisors. The
system comprises standard versions and special protected version computers with
installed control system and visualization system with monitors and video
Trunk channel is in charge of high-speed information exchange between the target field equipment. Actuating mechanism are the standard target holders, imitators of light, noise and pyrotechnical effects; recorders of events.
Control System of the Complex
The control system (SU) of the complex ensures a generation capacity for line base scripts of training execution. In the line base scripts (LBS) the process and sequence of the operations of the control objects is set when developing the script with timing of the training start. The complexity of the LBS is defined by the number of participants and satisfies the complexity of the scripts cited in the “Shooting course”.
The SU also ensures the formation mechanism of dynamic base scripts (DBS) at the expense of the abstraction of line branches of the commands consecutive execution in the LBS for controlled objects and introduction of conditions for execution of one of another branch. The execution conditions are formed from the states of the control objects enabled in the DBS. The SU ensures a formation capacity for the complex script of the training from several base scripts.
The SU ensures the operation mechanism by the training instructor into the process of script execution: change of conditions, cancel of script branch execution, stop or continue of script execution.
The database of the SU ensures the storage of previously created scripts, the search and editing of them.
The staff component of the SU ensures binding of the training personnel list to the script, the data collection of target hitting and forming of the report form for the personnel operations assessment output by the training instructor. The functioning of the CS is put into effect in operating mode of the complex. This mode defines the complex state for training execution of the personnel on the shooting range. The determined by the script manipulations of the targets and additional equipment of the MU.
The rotary mechanisms are classified by the following categories:
a) Manipulation types performed with target shield;
b) Power characteristic of gears;
c) Periods of manipulation execution;
d) Constructive execution;
e) Use conditions.
Angle of slope is an angle of deflection of longitudinal axis of the target shield in vertical YZ-plane counted from operating position of Y-axis.
Angle of rotation is an angle of deflection of lateral axis of the target shield in horizontal XZ-plane counted from operating position of X-axis.
Angle of careen is an angle of deflection of longitudinal axis of the target shield in vertical XY-plane counted from operating position of Y-axis.
The N-, P- and K-letters designating the rotary mechanism determine an availability of special gear for changing appropriate parameters in it: the N - letter indicates slope, the P – rotation, the К - careen. The notice PM-NPK designates the rotary mechanism manipulating the target shield on three axises. The number of mechanisms installing target shields is designated by a figure before the mechanism type, for example: PM-N2P – one elevating mechanism according to the N and two rotating mechanisms according to the P. The field following values of moments determines the execution time of a rotation by the type deflection angle of the target shield from initial or assigned position expressed in seconds. The values of type angles by slope, rotation and careen amount: 90 degrees (horizontally), ±180 degrees (in shooting direction) and ±45 degrees (vertically) appropriately. In the rotary mechanisms the rotation relative to an axis can be used for synchronous rotation of the target shield relative to another axis, for example for the target lifting by slope with synchronous target rotation (or without it) by the angle of 180 degrees for imitation of “friend or foe” situation. The using mode of the rotary mechanism is defined by its constructive execution. All the mechanisms of the PM -type have completed constructive execution that ensures their installation and use on the shooting ranges by hard conditions of exploitation. Their construction ensures protection from atmospheric precipitation, exploitation by wide temperature range as well as direct installation on prepared or not-prepared place. A separate group is composed by rotary mechanisms specified by conditions of use. By manipulation types they can be N–type, К–type, NP–type or KP–type. Their main characteristic determining constructive execution can be set as a little lifting time, own weight and small noise level of the mechanism. They are designated by PMS - type (special).
The mechanisms ensure the slope of the target shield by a given angle from horizontal plate. Their purpose is imitation of targets frontally lifting from the covers. The slope of the target shield puts into effect by every angle within the range specified by the mechanism construction. Positions “up” and “down” are installed by the software of the control unit. The angles are measured from the plate of the bodyframe base that’s why the base of the target can be no only on horizontal surface but also on the vertical (along the perimeter of doorway. The coordination of the PM in the space is defined by a built-in sensor of the PM-position. It corrects the position of the target shield, for example installing it strictly vertical in position “up” or strictly horizontal in position “down”.
The mechanisms ensure the deflection (swinging) of the target shield by a given angle from the local vertical. Their purpose is imitation of targets appearing from behind the vertical covers (tree, angle of wall, doorway etc.). In fact the deflection of the target runs in relative of the line perpendicular to the plate of the rotary mechanism base (the axis of swinging) by every angle within range determining by the mechanism construction. The angles are also measured from the plate of the swinging plate. The position sensor can correct the position of the target shield, for example installing it along the swinging axis strictly vertical.
Independent use of the P-type rotary mechanism is used for rotation of the target shield around its vertical axis. When using a box target, such manipulations simulate target rotation and can be used to simulate the rotation of moving targets. The most appropriate usage of these mechanisms is together with the N-type units, for simulation of the “friend-foe” system, where target is exposed in pre-programmed position, showing either front or back side which respectively denominate “friend” of “foe”.
Electronic Control Units
Electronic control units (ER) are designed for:
- physical and informational linking of the rotary mechanism with the controlling network;
- receiving and executing commands from the control panel;
- transfer of feedback information;
- controlling the actuators of the rotary mechanism;
- monitoring the performance and troubleshooting of the rotary mechanism.
Power supply to components of the complex is done either by independent power supplies (ABP), or from stationary power units (SBP). User selects the type of power source according to operating conditions of the components.
Stand-alone power supply for the rotary units is designed to power the units in field conditions, in natural landscape conditions. ABP are completed items. ABP design allows its placing and fixing next to the rotary mechanism, on the same base frame. The ABP includes the batteries (ABP) and the charger.
Status Detection Means
Status detectors are electronic devices designed to generate signals that register the fact of occurrence of certain events. Events can be, for example, a target hit, reaching the specified location by a moving object (real or simulated), or entry and positioning of the object on the controlled territory. Status detection means and their support software provide support for creating dynamic training scripts. This ensures creation of scripts that develop not only with reference to time, but also in terms of cause-effect relationships of the real situation forming in the process of training. Such relationship includes imitation of the fire when the attackers penetrate the fire sector, setting up the stationary target when the moving targets reach the specified boundary. Detectors include: target hit detector (RM), boundary crossing detector (RR), and the presence detector (RP).
The EP support connection of different RM types:
- cover-type, detecting the fact of hitting a particular part (sector) of the target; - impact-type, with adjusting sensitivity levels from the control panel; - Smart RM that use methods of digital processing of acoustic signals: hit acoustic and locational. Locational sensor provides calculation of impact coordinates.
Designed to detect the fact of subject’s violation of a conditional crossline and/or subject’s location in a controlled area. According to the principle of action detectors are divided into opto-electronic, radio-wave and navigational.
The labeling reflects the main features and types of the detectors. The exact parameters are determined by the decimal number and its corresponding set of design and operational documentation.
A list of commands and exercises can vary and be extended by reprogramming the elevator with the ability to connect lighting, pyrotechnics, general exercises of the "duel” type, as well as indefinitely large range of other devices, including devices with the referenced definition of a specified hit.
network is a self-organizing and self-repairing network. ZigBee™ devices
use built-in software to discover each other on power-on, forming a network and
establishing new messaging routes if any of the nodes fails. The highest data
rate and noise immunity achieved in the 2.4 GHz band. The speed of data
transmission in ZigBee™
networks is 250 kbit/sec.
A single computer can serve via the wireless an unlimited number of target lifts. Unlimited distance of the target lifts from the server. The speed of data transmission in ZigBee™ networks is 250 kbit/sec.